APA – Print Books and Ebooks

(Publication Manual 10.2)

For Parts of Books, see next section.


Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Year of Publication). Title of work (2nd ed.). Publisher Name. DOI or URL


Editor, E. E., & Editor, E. E. (Eds.). (Year of Publication). Title of work (2nd ed.). Publisher Name. DOI or URL

Notes: Treat ebooks in the same way as similar printed books.
Omit database names unless it is the only way to access the item.


Book by a single author with no DOI

Crister, G. (2004). Fat land: How Americans became the fattest people in the world. Houghton Mifflin.

Book by a single author with a DOI

Brown, L. S. (2018). Feminist therapy .(2nd ed.). Houghton Mifflin. American Psychological Association. https://doi.org/10.1037/0000092-000

Book with multiple authors

Hamilton, J. M., & Krimsky, G. A. (1996). Hold the press: The inside story on newspapers. Louisiana State University Press.

Wong, D. L., Hockenberry-Eaton, M., Wilson, D., Winkelstein, M. L., Ahmann, E., & DiVito-Thomas, P. A. (1999). Whaley & Wong’s nursing care of infants and children (6th ed.). Mosby.

Note: If there are more than 20 authors, use an ellipsis (but no ampersand) after the 19th author, and then add the final author’s name. For an example of a periodical article with more than 20 authors, see Wiskunde entry in Sample References List.

Book with a group author

American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). https://doi.org/10.1176/appi.books.9780890425596

Note: If the author and the publisher are the same, omit the publisher from the source element.

Book with an editor (Ed.) or editors (Eds.)

Johnson, A. G. (Ed.). (2000). The Blackwell dictionary of sociology: A user’s guide to sociological language (2nd ed.). Blackwell.

Adshead, G., & Jacob C. (Eds.). (2009). Personality disorder: The definitive reader. Jessica Kingsley Publishers.

Book with author and editor

Plath, S. (2000). The unabridged journals (K.V. Kukil, Ed.). Anchor.

Book republished in translation

Laplace, P. S. (1951). A philosophical essay on probabilities (F. W. Truscott & F. L. Emory, Trans.). Dover. (Original work published 1814)

Book with unknown author

Collins quotation finder (Rev. ed.). (2001). Harper Collins.

Note: When a work does not have an author, start the reference with the title of the work. Use “Anonymous” in the author position only if the work is signed “Anonymous.”