APA – Audiovisual Media

(Publication Manual 10.12-14)

(includes YouTube videos and TED Talks)



Producer, A. A. (Producer), & Director, B. B. (Director). (Date). Title of work [Description]. Publisher. URL


Director, D.D. (Director). (Date). Title of work [Description]. Publisher.

Music Recording:

Writer, A. A. (Writer), & Director, D.D. (Director). (Date). Title of song [Description]. On Title of album. Label. (Date of recording if different from song copyright date). URL

Television/Radio Episode:

Writer, A. A. (Writer), & Director, B. B. (Writer & Director). (Date). Title of episode. (Season no., Episode no.) [Description]. In Name of Producer or Director (Executive Producer), Title of series. Production Company. URL


Film or Video

Fosha, D. (Guest Expert), & Levenson, H. (Host). (2017). Accelerated experiential dynamic psychotherapy (AEDP) supervision [Film; educational DVD]. American Psychological Association. https://www.apa.org/pubs/videos/4310958.aspx

Jackson, P. (Director). (2001). The lord of the rings: The fellowship of the ring [Film; four-disc special extended ed. on DVD]. WingNut Films; The Saul Zaentz Company.

Television or Radio Program

Gilbert, D. (Writer & Host), & Gazit, C. (Writer & Director). (2009). Facing our fears (Episode 2) [TV series episode]. In This emotional life. PBS & Vulcan Productions.

Glass, I. (Host). (2011, August 12). Amusement park (No. 443) [Audio episode]. In This American life. WBEZ Chicago. https://www.thisamericanlife.org/radio-archives/episode/443/amusement-park

Music Recording

Lang, K. D. (2008). Shadow and the frame. [Song]. On Watershed [CD]. Nonesuch Records.

Taupin, B. (1975). Someone saved my life tonight [Song recorded by Elton John]. On Captain Fantastic and the Brown Dirt Cowboy [CD]. Big Pig Music Limited.

Podcast or Other Online Sound Recording

Bell, T., & Phillips, T. (2008, May 6). A solar flare. [Audio podcast]. In Science and NASA Podcast. http://science.nasa.gov/podcast.htm

Radiolab. (2008, December 12). Yellow fluff and other curious encounters [Sound recording]. WNYC Radio. http://www.wnyc.org/shows/radiolab/episodes/2008/12/12

Vedantam, S. (Host). (2015-present). Hidden brain [Audio podcast]. NPR. https://www.npr.org/series/423302056/hidden-brain

Online Video

Bilgil, M. (Director). (2009, January 4). History of the Internet [Video]. YouTube. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=icjDBGTHCGQ

Cutts, S. (2017, November 24). Happiness [Video]. Vimeo. ttps://vimeo.com/244405542h

C-Span. (Producer). (2008, September 3). Vice Presidential candidate Gov. Sarah Palin (AK) full speech at the RNC [Video]. YouTube. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UCDxXJSucF4

TED Talk

Cuddy, A. (2012, June). Your body language may shape who you are [Video]. TED Conferences. https://www.ted.com/talks/amy_cuddy_your_body_language_shapes_who_you_are

TED. (2012, March 16) Brené Brown: Listening to shame [Video]. YouTube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=psN1DORYYV0

Note: When the TED Talk comes from TED’s website, use the name of the speaker as author (e.g., Cuddy example above). When the TED Talk is on YouTube, use the owner of the YouTube account (here, TED) as the author.

Webinar, Recorded

Goldberg, J.F. (2018). Evaluating adverse drug effects [Webinar]. American Psychiatric Association. https://education.psychiatry.org/Users/ProductDetails.aspx?ActivityID=6172