APA – Online Sources from the Free Web


Online articles:

Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author C. C. (Date of Publication). Title of article. Title of Publication, Volume#(Issue#), pp-pp. DOI or Retrieved from URL

Web pages or Web documents:

Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author C. C. (Date of Publication). Title of Web page or Web document. Retrieved from Name of Publisher/Website*: URL

Note 1: The title of a Web page is not italicized because it is a subordinate part of a larger work (the website). Exception: Titles of PDF files should be italicized.

Note 2: For documents retrieved online, identify the publisher as part of the retrieval statement unless the publisher has been identified as the author (Publication Manual, 7.03).


Entire websites

Author, A. A. or Corporate Author. (Date of Publication). Title of Website. Retrieved from URL

Online media

Producer, A. A. (Producer), & Director, B. B. (Date). Title of video or sound recording. [Medium]. Retrieval statement.

Article from an online scholarly journal (Publication Manual, 7.01.1, 3)

Basu, S. & Jones, R. (2007). Regulating cyberstalking. Journal of Information, Law & Technology, (2). Retrieved from http://www2.warwick.ac.uk/fac/soc/law/elj/jilt/2007_2/basu_jones/

Tram, J. M., & Cole, D. A. (2006). A multimethod examination of the stability of depressive symptoms in childhood and adolescence. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 115 (4), 674-686. doi: 10.1037/0021-843X.115.4.674

Article in an online magazine (Publication Manual,7.01.8)

Armey, D. (2008, September 29). My vote: No: Dealing with the deal. National Review Online. Retrieved from http://article.nationalreview.com

Article from a newspaper website (Publication Manual, 7.01.11)

Brody, J. E. (2007, December 11). Mental reserves keep brain agile. The New York Times. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com

Ferrechio, S. (2009, July 23). Compromise would give board Medicare-cutting powers. The Washington Examiner. Retrieved from http://www.washingtonexaminer.com

Book review (Publication Manual, 7.06.45)

Schatz, B. R. (2000, November 17). Learning by text or consent? [Review of the book The social life of information, by J. S. Brown & P. Duguid]. Science, 290, 1304.

Article in an online reference book (Publication Manual, 7.02.29, 30)

Bhutan. (2008). Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Retrieved from http://www.britannica.com

Graham, G. (2005). Behaviorism. In E. N. Zalta (Ed.), The Stanford encyclopedia of philosophy (Fall 2007 ed.). Retrieved from http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/behaviorism

Non-periodical article from a website

Lessig, L. (2007, May 4). Free debates: More republicans call on RNC. Retrieved from http://www.lessig.org/blog/2007/05/free_debates_more_republicans.html

Tutton, M. (2008, September 11). Designers developing virtual-reality ‘cocoon’. Retrieved from the Cable News Network website: http://edition.cnn.com/2008/TECH/09/11/immersive.cocoon/index.html

Web page with no date

Linder, D. (n.d.). The Rosenberg trial. Retrieved from the University of Missouri-Kansas City School of Law website: http://www.law.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/rosenb/rosenb.htm

Web page with no author (Publication Manual, 7.02.30)

Attachment disorder. (2010, February 21). Retrieved from Wikimedia Foundation website: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Attachment_disorder

Safe communities—safe schools. (n.d.). Retrieved from University of Colorado at Boulder website: http://www.colorado.edu/cspv/safeschools/

Web page with a corporate author (Publication Manual, 7.03.31, 32, 35)

LaGuardia Community College, Office of Institutional Research & Assessment. (2009). 2009 Institutional profile. Retrieved from http://www.lagcc.cuny.edu/facts/2009factbook.pdf

University of Pittsburgh, Technology Commercialization Alliance. (2003). For innovators. Retrieved from http://www.pitt.edu/tca/innovators.html

Entire website

Lajoie, G., McLellan A., & Seddon, C. (2010). Bully b’ware. Retrieved from http://www.bullybeware.com

National Renewable Energy Laboratory. (2009, August 20). Learning about renewable energy. Retrieved from http://www.nrel.gov/learning/

Blog entry or comment (Publication Manual, 7.11.76)

AcademicBee. (2009, March 18). Trying too hard to get ahead [Blog post]. Retrieved from

Twitter post (Publication Manual, 7.11)

Nealschumanpub. (2009, November 3). Coming in November: Stephanie Matta “A few good books”! Retrieved from http://twitter.com/nealschumanpub/status/5402110982

Note: Use the tweet as the title (enough of it to serve as an identifiable title) and give the unique URL.

Online Interview

Butler, C. (Interviewee) & Stevenson, R. (Interviewer). (1999). Oral History 2 [Interview transcript]. Retrieved from Johnson Space Center Oral Histories Project website: http://www11.jsc.nasa.gov/history/oral_histories/oral_histories.htm

Barnes, P. J. (Interviewee) (2010, February). Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD). Retrieved from ScienceWatch website: ttp://sciencewatch.com/ana/st/copd/10febcopdBarn/

Online video (Publication Manual, 7.07, 7.11.77)

Bilgil, M. (Director). (2009, January 4). History of the Internet [Video file]. Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=icjDBGTHCGQ

C-Span. (Producer). (2008, September 3). Vice Presidential candidate Gov. Sarah Palin (AK) full speech at the RNC [Video file]. Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UCDxXJSucF4

Leonard, A. (Writer). (2007). The story of stuff [Video file]. Retrieved from http://www.storyofstuff.com/

Online sound recording (Publication Manual, 7.07.50)

Radiolab. (2008, December 12). Yellow fluff and other curious encounters [Sound recording]. Retrieved from WNYC Radio website: http://www.wnyc.org/shows/radiolab/episodes/2008/12/12

Van Nuys, D. (Producer). (2007, December 19). Shrink rap radio [Audio podcast]. Retrieved from http://www.shrinkrapradio.com/

Online image (Publication Manual, 7.07.53)

Britton, I. (Photographer). (n.d.). Tree, sunrise, Northumberland [Photograph]. Retrieved from FreeFoto LLC website: http://www.freefoto.com/preview/15-19-1?ffid=15-19-1

Lewis County Geographic Information Services (Cartographer). (2002). Population density, 2000 U.S. Census [Demographic map]. Retrieved from http://www.co.lewis.wa.us/publicworks/maps/Demographics/census-pop-dens_2000.pdf