APA – Online Sources from the Free Web

Elements:

Online articles:

Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author C. C. (Date of Publication). Title of article. Title of Publication, Volume#(Issue#), pp-pp. DOI or Retrieved from URL

Web pages or Web documents:

Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author C. C. (Date of Publication). Title of Web page or Web document. Retrieved from Name of Publisher/Website*: URL

Note 1: The title of a Web page is not italicized because it is a subordinate part of a larger work (the website). Exception: Titles of PDF files should be italicized.

Note 2: For documents retrieved online, identify the publisher as part of the retrieval statement unless the publisher has been identified as the author (Publication Manual, 7.03).

Examples:

Entire websites

Author, A. A. or Corporate Author. (Date of Publication). Title of Website. Retrieved from URL

Online media

Producer, A. A. (Producer), & Director, B. B. (Date). Title of video or sound recording. [Medium]. Retrieval statement.

Article from an online scholarly journal (Publication Manual, 7.01.1, 3)

Basu, S. & Jones, R. (2007). Regulating cyberstalking. Journal of Information, Law & Technology, (2). Retrieved from http://www2.warwick.ac.uk/fac/soc/law/elj/jilt/2007_2/basu_jones/

Tram, J. M., & Cole, D. A. (2006). A multimethod examination of the stability of depressive symptoms in childhood and adolescence. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 115 (4), 674-686. doi: 10.1037/0021-843X.115.4.674

Article in an online magazine (Publication Manual,7.01.8)

Armey, D. (2008, September 29). My vote: No: Dealing with the deal. National Review Online. Retrieved from http://article.nationalreview.com

Article from a newspaper website (Publication Manual, 7.01.11)

Brody, J. E. (2007, December 11). Mental reserves keep brain agile. The New York Times. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com

Ferrechio, S. (2009, July 23). Compromise would give board Medicare-cutting powers. The Washington Examiner. Retrieved from http://www.washingtonexaminer.com

Book review (Publication Manual, 7.06.45)

Schatz, B. R. (2000, November 17). Learning by text or consent? [Review of the book The social life of information, by J. S. Brown & P. Duguid]. Science, 290, 1304.

Article in an online reference book (Publication Manual, 7.02.29, 30)

Bhutan. (2008). Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Retrieved from http://www.britannica.com

Graham, G. (2005). Behaviorism. In E. N. Zalta (Ed.), The Stanford encyclopedia of philosophy (Fall 2007 ed.). Retrieved from http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/behaviorism

Non-periodical article from a website

Lessig, L. (2007, May 4). Free debates: More republicans call on RNC. Retrieved from http://www.lessig.org/blog/2007/05/free_debates_more_republicans.html

Tutton, M. (2008, September 11). Designers developing virtual-reality ‘cocoon’. Retrieved from the Cable News Network website: http://edition.cnn.com/2008/TECH/09/11/immersive.cocoon/index.html

Web page with no date

Linder, D. (n.d.). The Rosenberg trial. Retrieved from the University of Missouri-Kansas City School of Law website: http://www.law.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/rosenb/rosenb.htm

Web page with no author (Publication Manual, 7.02.30)

Attachment disorder. (2010, February 21). Retrieved from Wikimedia Foundation website: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Attachment_disorder

Safe communities—safe schools. (n.d.). Retrieved from University of Colorado at Boulder website: http://www.colorado.edu/cspv/safeschools/

Web page with a corporate author (Publication Manual, 7.03.31, 32, 35)

LaGuardia Community College, Office of Institutional Research & Assessment. (2009). 2009 Institutional profile. Retrieved from http://www.lagcc.cuny.edu/facts/2009factbook.pdf

University of Pittsburgh, Technology Commercialization Alliance. (2003). For innovators. Retrieved from http://www.pitt.edu/tca/innovators.html

Entire website

Lajoie, G., McLellan A., & Seddon, C. (2010). Bully b’ware. Retrieved from http://www.bullybeware.com

National Renewable Energy Laboratory. (2009, August 20). Learning about renewable energy. Retrieved from http://www.nrel.gov/learning/

Blog entry or comment (Publication Manual, 7.11.76)

AcademicBee. (2009, March 18). Trying too hard to get ahead [Blog post]. Retrieved from
http://academeblogs.com/academicbee/2009/03/trying_too_hard.php

Twitter post (Publication Manual, 7.11)

Nealschumanpub. (2009, November 3). Coming in November: Stephanie Matta “A few good books”! Retrieved from http://twitter.com/nealschumanpub/status/5402110982

Note: Use the tweet as the title (enough of it to serve as an identifiable title) and give the unique URL.

Online Interview

Butler, C. (Interviewee) & Stevenson, R. (Interviewer). (1999). Oral History 2 [Interview transcript]. Retrieved from Johnson Space Center Oral Histories Project website: http://www11.jsc.nasa.gov/history/oral_histories/oral_histories.htm

Barnes, P. J. (Interviewee) (2010, February). Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD). Retrieved from ScienceWatch website: ttp://sciencewatch.com/ana/st/copd/10febcopdBarn/

Online video (Publication Manual, 7.07, 7.11.77)

Bilgil, M. (Director). (2009, January 4). History of the Internet [Video file]. Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=icjDBGTHCGQ

C-Span. (Producer). (2008, September 3). Vice Presidential candidate Gov. Sarah Palin (AK) full speech at the RNC [Video file]. Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UCDxXJSucF4

Leonard, A. (Writer). (2007). The story of stuff [Video file]. Retrieved from http://www.storyofstuff.com/

Online sound recording (Publication Manual, 7.07.50)

Radiolab. (2008, December 12). Yellow fluff and other curious encounters [Sound recording]. Retrieved from WNYC Radio website: http://www.wnyc.org/shows/radiolab/episodes/2008/12/12

Van Nuys, D. (Producer). (2007, December 19). Shrink rap radio [Audio podcast]. Retrieved from http://www.shrinkrapradio.com/

Online image (Publication Manual, 7.07.53)

Britton, I. (Photographer). (n.d.). Tree, sunrise, Northumberland [Photograph]. Retrieved from FreeFoto LLC website: http://www.freefoto.com/preview/15-19-1?ffid=15-19-1

Lewis County Geographic Information Services (Cartographer). (2002). Population density, 2000 U.S. Census [Demographic map]. Retrieved from http://www.co.lewis.wa.us/publicworks/maps/Demographics/census-pop-dens_2000.pdf