APA – Media



Producer, A. A. (Producer), & Director, B. B. (Director). (Year). Title of film/video [Medium]. Country of Origin: Studio.


Producer, A. A. (Producer), & Director, B. B. (Director). (Year). Title of film/video [Medium]. Retrieved from URL

Music Recording:

Writer, A. A. (Copyright Year). Title of song [Recorded by B.B. Artist if different from writer]. On Title of album [Medium of recording: CD, record, cassette, etc.]. Location: Label. (Date of recording if different from song copyright date)

Television/radio episode

Writer, A. A. (Writer), & Director, B. B. (Writer & Director). (Year). Title of episode. [Medium]. In Name of Producer or Director [Executive producer] Title of series. Location: Production Company.


Film or Video (Publication Manual, 7.07)

Smith, J. D. (Producer), & Smithee, A. F. (Director). (2001). Really big disaster movie [Motion picture]. United States: Paramount Pictures.

Television or Radio Program (Publication Manual, 7.07.51)

Gilbert, D. (Writer & Host), & Gazit, C. (Writer & Director). (2009). Episode 2: Facing our fears [television series episode]. In This emotional life. Boston: PBS & Vulcan Productions.

Music recording (Publication Manual, 7.07)

Lang, K. D. (2008). Shadow and the frame. On Watershed [CD]. New York, NY: Nonesuch Records.

Taupin, B. (1975). Someone saved my life tonight [Recorded by Elton John]. On Captain fantastic and the brown dirt cowboy [CD]. London, England: Big Pig Music Limited.

Podcast or other online sound recording (Publication Manual, 7.07.50)

Bell, T. & Phillips, T. (2008, May 6). A solar flare. Science @ NASA Podcast [Audio podcast]. Retrieved from http://science.nasa.gov/podcast.htm

Radiolab. (2008, December 12). Yellow fluff and other curious encounters [Sound recording]. Retrieved from WNYC Radio website: http://www.wnyc.org/shows/radiolab/episodes/2008/12/12

Van Nuys, D. (Producer). (2007, December 19). Shrink rap radio [Audio podcast]. Retrieved from http://www.shrinkrapradio.com/

Online Video (Publication Manual, 7.07, 7.11)

Bilgil, M. (Director). (2009, January 4). History of the Internet [Video file]. Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=icjDBGTHCGQ

Leonard, A. (Writer). (2007). The story of stuff [Video file]. Retrieved from http://www.storyofstuff.com/

C-Span. (Producer). (2008, September 3). Vice Presidential candidate Gov. Sarah Palin (AK) full speech at the RNC [Video file]. (2008, September 3). Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UCDxXJSucF4